In order to reach climate goals passenger cars will be electric. Furthermore, houses will be disconnected from natural gas. This will bring along significant changes in residential areas. What can municipalities expect? What can municipalities do in the coming years? Jeroen Veger and Mark van Kerkhof did the research for the report ‘The Relation Between Electric Transport with the Energy Transition’ (in Dutch) one can read more about upcoming changes and what municipalities can do.

Consequences for the electricity infrastructure in residential areas
There will be an increasing demand for electricity: the electric car, the electric heatpump and the electric cooking plate. This will demand a lot from the electricity grid. To what extent depends on the type of residential area: are there many electric cars and is there a heat network available?

Advice route

1. As a municipality start working on charging infrastructure for electric cars
• Plan to what extent public charging infrastructure is needed and which type. Assign locations
where charging points can be located;
• Involve residents, companies and market parties that can realize and maintain charging
infrastructure;
• Collaborate with other municipalities and make use of existing knowledge.

2. Make sure that the charging infrastructure is ‘smart’
• Use charging infrastructure that uses the electricity grid efficiently;
• Make a connection with sustainably produced energy;
• Collaborate with other municipalities, grid operators and market parties to get this done.

3. Phasing out natural gas will increase the load on the electricity grid
• Take this into account when making new plans for residential areas on short term;
• Start planning for the long term when it comes to adapting existing residential areas.

The infographic below already gives an impression.