For most cities it is a contemporary challenge how to deal with the increasing urbanization and as a result the pressure on accessibility. Working towards sustainable mobility and enabling economic development makes demands on how this accessibility is shaped, and needs to be addressed urgently.

One possible response is the combined use of the bicycle and train. This hybrid bicycle-train system (HBT) is sustainable, and combines speed and longer reach with door to door accessibility. Now some questions arise how this ‘new’ hybrid modality is a affected by planning. The reciprocal relationship between the HBT system and integrated planning, which consists of infrastructure and spatial planning systems, was explored in Erik’s thesis.

The main question posed is: To what extent can the use of a hybrid bicycle train (HBT) system in a Dutch metropolitan region be stimulated through integrated planning? The answer to the main question will be informed by an exploration of eight subquestions. The case of the Metropolitan Region Rotterdam The Hague (MRDH) was studied, with a focus on some typical station areas and commuter trips.

Urban Cycling = HOD
How can urban planning stimulate bicycle-train use, and how would that lead to a new urban development concept? That is the subject of the thesis that APPMer Erik Tetteroo has completed on 24 September 2015 to graduate for his postmaster City Developer (MCD) at TU Delft / Erasmus Rotterdam.

Erik’s research is about the urban concept of HOD, which stands for Hybrid bicycle train Oriented Development. Basically it is a Dutch version of TOD. Because most train passengers cycle to the station instead of walking, and thus overcome much greater distances, the catchment area is about 15 times as large. This will give an impetus to a new urban concept. Based on a case study in the Metropolitan Region Rotterdam The Hague Erik shows how the concept of HOD can be further applied in urban planning.